Chemical constraints of groundwater management in the Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico

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Authors:Back, W.; Lesser, J. M.
Author Affiliations:Primary:
U. S. Geol. Surv., Reston, VA, United States
Dep. Agric. and Hydraul. Resour., Mexico
Volume Title:Water for survival
Volume Authors:Beard, Leo R., editor
Source:Journal of Hydrology, 51(1-4), p.119-130; International Water Resources Association, Third world congress on water resources, Mexico City, Mexico, April 23-27, 1979, edited by Leo R. Beard. Publisher: Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands. ISSN: 0022-1694
Publication Date:1981
Note:In English. Reprint; from Int. Assn. Hydrogeol., Mem., Birm. Congr., Vol. 13, Part 1, p. G18, 1977. 25 refs.
Summary:Throughout its history, the cultural and economic development of the Yucatan Peninsula in Mexico has been significantly affected by the management of water resources. At present, the two critical objectives for groundwater management in the Yucatan are the development of regional groundwater supplies to meet the increasing demands of the expanding populations and the growing tourist industry in the area and the control of groundwater pollution in this chemically sensitive system made critically vulnerable by climate and geologic conditions. The chemical character of the groundwater of the Yucatan is largely controlled by the mixing of rain water with the sub-surface salt water, the solution of limestone and gypsum, and contamination by organic material and sewage. Although the peninsula is a coastal plain underlain by permeable limestone and has an annual rainfall of over 1,000 millimeters, which should provide abundant supplies of water, factors of climate and hydrogeology have combined to form a hydrologic system in which fresh water is scarce and whose chemical environment further decreases that restricted supply. Many wells have recently had to be abandoned due to serious pollution problems resulting from the use of sewage disposal wells adjacent to supply wells. The Secretaria de Recursos Hidraulicos has been charged with responsibility for scientific investigations and development programs for water supply and sewage disposal systems for the region since 1959. Several studies have been undertaken, water supply problems have been resolved so that cities and towns generally have safe water supplies, and sewage treatment and disposal programs are being developed. (Carroll-FRC)
Subjects:Ground water; Hydrogeology; Pollution; Surveys; Water resources; Mexico; Yucatan Peninsula; Management
Coordinates:N180000 N215000 W0870000 W0913000
Record ID:1981065718
Copyright Information:GeoRef, Copyright 2018 American Geosciences Institute. Reference includes data from USGS product, Selected Water Resources Abstracts, Reston, VA, United States
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