Regional geohydrology of the northern Louisiana salt-dome basin; Part I, Conceptual model and data needs

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Authors:Ryals, G. N.
Author Affiliations:Primary:
U. S. Geol. Surv., Baton Rouge, LA, United States
Source:Open-File Report - U. S. Geological Survey, No.OF 82-0343, 27p. Publisher: U. S. Geological Survey, Reston, VA, United States. ISSN: 0196-1497
Publication Date:1982
Note:In English. 25 refs.
Summary:As part of the National Waste Terminal Storage Program, the U.S. Geological Survey is conducting a regional study of the geohydrology of the northern Louisiana salt-dome basin and developing a regional multi-layered ground-water flow model to determine regional flow paths. In the salt-dome basin the Tokio Formation and Brownstown Marl (Austin aquifer in this report), and Nacatoch Sand of Late Cretaceous age and the Wilcox Group, Carrizo Sand, Sparta Sand, and Cockfield Formation of Tertiary age contain regional aquifers within the maximum potential repository depth of 3,000 feet. The Cretaceous units contain saltwater throughout the basin. The Tertiary units contain freshwater to varying distances downdip from outcrop areas in the basin. Natural flow directions and rates of movement of groundwater have been changed in the salt-dome basin by the withdrawl of freshwater and by the injection of wastes (principally oil-field brines) into saline aquifers. Except for the Sparta aquifer, ground-water flow directions are not well known because of a lack of potentiometric data. A regional test-drilling program, to collect the data needed to document concepts of the flow system and to quantify inputs to the planned ground-water flow model, has been proposed. The Sparta aquifer is being modeled because data are available for the unit. As regional test drilling provides data on other units, will be added to the model developed for the Sparta aquifer. (USGS)
Subjects:Ground water; Hydrogeology; Mathematical models; Movement; Radioactive waste; Regional patterns; Salt domes; Storage; Surveys; USGS; Waste disposal; Louisiana; United States
Coordinates:N313000 N333000 W0913000 W0934500
Record ID:1982059827
Copyright Information:GeoRef, Copyright 2018 American Geosciences Institute. Reference includes data from USGS product, Selected Water Resources Abstracts, Reston, VA, United States
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