An interagency study of oilfield brine pollution in Kansas

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Authors:Whittemore, Donald O.; Sophocleous, Marios; Bryson, William R.; Schoof, James; Bell, Thomas C.
Author Affiliations:Primary:
Kans. Geol. Surv., Lawrence, KS, United States
Kans. Dep. Health and Environ., United States
Kans. Corp. Comm., United States
U. S. Water News, United States
Volume Title:Symposium on groundwater contamination and reclamation; proceedings
Volume Authors:Schmidt, Kenneth D., editor
Source:Technical Publication Series - American Water Resources Association, Vol.85-2, p.109-116; Conference on groundwater contamination and reclamation, Tucson, AZ, Aug. 14-15, 1985, edited by Kenneth D. Schmidt. Publisher: American Water Resources Association, Bethesda, MD, United States. ISSN: 0731-9789
Publication Date:1985
Note:In English. 8 refs.; illus. incl. sketch maps
Summary:An interagency task force has determined the source, extent, and movement of groundwaters polluted by oil field brine in the Equus Beds, south-central Kansas, and has given and is carrying out recommendations for protection of the aquifer. In addition to oil brine pollution, which originated mainly from disposal ponds during the 1930 's to 1950's, natural salt waters occur in the bedrock underlying the unconsolidated aquifer. The current distribution of contaminated water was determined by sampling monitoring and water-supply wells. The oil brine source of most of the salt water pollution in the region was confirmed and delineated from the natural salt water contaminated by interpretation of mixing curves of bromide/chloride versus chloride concentrations. The history of oil field development and brine disposal was investigated to document the amounts and concentration of brine disposed and the various disposal practices used. An inventory of operating and abandoned (plugged) oil and gas wells (including enhanced recovery wells), disposal distribution lines and wells, and cement-lined pits currently used for temporary salt water storage was made to assess possible ongoing and future sources of contamination. The groundwater flow and contamination plume movement were modeled to determine the distribution of polluted groundwaters with time. This was done in order to assess the future water quality in locations where appropriations are requested and to evaluate the effect additional wells and increased pumping might have on the quality and movement of the plume. (See also W87-06850) (Author 's abstract)
Subjects:Aquifers; Brines; Environmental geology; Ground water; Monitoring; Oil and gas fields; Pollution; Salt water; Surveys; Harvey County Kansas; Kansas; Reno County Kansas; United States; Burrton; Equus Beds Aquifer; South-central Kansas
Record ID:1986005626
Copyright Information:GeoRef, Copyright 2018 American Geosciences Institute. Reference includes data from USGS product, Selected Water Resources Abstracts, Reston, VA, United States
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