Chemical evolution of groundwater in the River Danube deposits in the southern part of the Pannonian Basin (Hungary)

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doi: 10.1016/S0883-2927(97)00018-8
Authors:Varsanyi, Iren; Kovacs, Lajos O.
Author Affiliations:Primary:
Attila Jozsef University, Institute of Mineralogy, Geochemistry and Petrology, Szeged, Hungary
Hungarian Geological Survey, Hungary
Volume Title:Applied Geochemistry
Source:Applied Geochemistry, 12(5), p.625-636. Publisher: Pergamon, Oxford-New York-Beijing, International. ISSN: 0883-2927
Publication Date:1997
Note:In English. 35 refs.; illus., incl. sect., 4 tables, sketch maps
Summary:The chemical evolution of groundwater in the River Danube deposits was investigated using the computer model PHREEQM, major and trace element analysis, dissolved gas determination, and carbon hydrogen and oxygen isotopic measurements. Water chemistry suggested that groundwater flows from W to E. Cation exchange was a major influence on the chemical composition of the groundwater. In the recharge area groundwater chemistry was controlled by dissolution of calcite and dolomite and the weathering of albite, whilst in the discharge area the main process was multicomponent cation exchange. At the end of the flowpath water composition was controlled by the mixing of flowing groundwater with old formation water. Groundwater age and modelling indicated that the present groundwater began to flush out former groundwater 40 000 B.P. Flushing was caused by high rainfall between 40 000 and 50 000 B.P. and tectonic uplift in the Pleistocene.
Subjects:Alkali metals; Alkaline earth metals; Alkalinity; Aquifers; Calcium; Cation exchange capacity; Chemical composition; Computer programs; Controls; Discharge; Eh; Geochemistry; Ground water; Hydrochemistry; In situ; Ions; Magnesium; Major elements; Metals; Models; NETPATH; PH; PHREEQE; Potentiometric surface; Processes; Recharge; Simulation; Sodium; Solutes; Standard deviation; Statistical analysis; Temperature; Trace elements; Variations; WATEQF; Water quality; X-ray diffraction data; Central Europe; Danube River; Europe; Hungary; Pannonian Basin; PHREEQM; Southeastern Hungary
Record ID:1998010767
Copyright Information:GeoRef, Copyright 2018 American Geosciences Institute. Reference includes data from Mineralogical Abstracts, United Kingdom, Twickenham, United Kingdom
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