Trace contaminants in surface water in sand pits and impact on ground-water quality of a Midwest U.S. city

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Authors:Whittemore, Donald O.
Author Affiliations:Primary:
Kansas Geological Survey, Lawrence, KS, United States
Volume Title:Geological Society of America, 2008 annual meeting
Source:Abstracts with Programs - Geological Society of America, 40(6), p.32; Geological Society of America, 2008 annual meeting, Houston, TX, Oct. 5-9, 2008. Publisher: Geological Society of America (GSA), Boulder, CO, United States. ISSN: 0016-7592
Publication Date:2008
Note:In English
Summary:In response to a legislative bill, state and local agencies studied water-quality impacts of stormwater runoff into sand pits on ground water in Wichita, Kansas. The pits are usually used for residential development after sand and gravel mining. The agencies selected six pits for study and arranged for installation of three monitoring wells at each site, one upgradient and two downgradient relative to ground-water flow. The agencies contracted with the U.S. Geological Survey for sampling and analysis of the waters for a range of inorganic constituents, bacteria, and 252 organic compounds, and of pit bottom sediments for inorganic components and 32 organic chemicals. Nineteen pesticide and degradate compounds were found in at least one pit surface-water sample. Nine of these compounds and two other pesticides were detected in water from at least one monitoring well. Six organic contaminants other than pesticides were detected in at least one pit water and two of these were found in well waters. None of these chemicals exceeded the maximum contaminant levels (MCL) for drinking waters. An additional 17 organic contaminant compounds were detected in at least one well water; eleven of these occurred at only one site and probably derived from contamination directly impacting ground water by migration through the unsaturated zone. Only one well water had an inorganic constituent (arsenic) that exceeded the MCL. Persistent pesticides and PCBs were found in the bottom sediment of two pits. The concentration distributions of pesticides and other organics at most of the study sites, as well as the general pattern in iron, manganese, and ammonium ion concentrations in downgradient well waters relative to upgradient well and pit waters, indicate that ground-water quality at the sites is impacted by contaminants in the pit surface waters.
Subjects:Ammonium ion; Degradation; Drinking water; Ground water; Inorganic materials; Iron; Manganese; Metals; Migration; Monitoring; Movement; Observation wells; Organic compounds; Pesticides; Pollutants; Pollution; Runoff; Sampling; Sediments; Stormwater; Surface water; Unsaturated zone; Water pollution; Water quality; Water wells; Kansas; Midwest; Sedgwick County Kansas; United States; Wichita Kansas; Bacteria
Coordinates:N374300 N374300 W0972000 W0972000
Record ID:2009056177
Copyright Information:GeoRef, Copyright 2018 American Geosciences Institute. Reference includes data supplied by the Geological Society of America, Boulder, CO, United States
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100 1 |a Whittemore, Donald O.  |e analytic author  |u Kansas Geological Survey, Lawrence, KS 
245 1 0 |a Trace contaminants in surface water in sand pits and impact on ground-water quality of a Midwest U.S. city 
300 |a p. 32 
500 |a In English 
500 |a Affiliation: Kansas Geological Survey; Lawrence, KS; USA; United States 
500 |a Key title: Abstracts with Programs - Geological Society of America 
500 |a Source note: Abstracts with Programs - Geological Society of America, 40(6), p.32; Geological Society of America, 2008 annual meeting, Houston, TX, Oct. 5-9, 2008. Publisher: Geological Society of America (GSA), Boulder, CO, United States. ISSN: 0016-7592 
500 |a Publication type: conference paper or compendium article 
510 3 |a GeoRef, Copyright 2018 American Geosciences Institute. Reference includes data supplied by the Geological Society of America, Boulder, CO, United States 
520 |a In response to a legislative bill, state and local agencies studied water-quality impacts of stormwater runoff into sand pits on ground water in Wichita, Kansas. The pits are usually used for residential development after sand and gravel mining. The agencies selected six pits for study and arranged for installation of three monitoring wells at each site, one upgradient and two downgradient relative to ground-water flow. The agencies contracted with the U.S. Geological Survey for sampling and analysis of the waters for a range of inorganic constituents, bacteria, and 252 organic compounds, and of pit bottom sediments for inorganic components and 32 organic chemicals. Nineteen pesticide and degradate compounds were found in at least one pit surface-water sample. Nine of these compounds and two other pesticides were detected in water from at least one monitoring well. Six organic contaminants other than pesticides were detected in at least one pit water and two of these were found in well waters. None of these chemicals exceeded the maximum contaminant levels (MCL) for drinking waters. An additional 17 organic contaminant compounds were detected in at least one well water; eleven of these occurred at only one site and probably derived from contamination directly impacting ground water by migration through the unsaturated zone. Only one well water had an inorganic constituent (arsenic) that exceeded the MCL. Persistent pesticides and PCBs were found in the bottom sediment of two pits. The concentration distributions of pesticides and other organics at most of the study sites, as well as the general pattern in iron, manganese, and ammonium ion concentrations in downgradient well waters relative to upgradient well and pit waters, indicate that ground-water quality at the sites is impacted by contaminants in the pit surface waters. 
650 7 |a Ammonium ion  |2 georeft 
650 7 |a Degradation  |2 georeft 
650 7 |a Drinking water  |2 georeft 
650 7 |a Ground water  |2 georeft 
650 7 |a Inorganic materials  |2 georeft 
650 7 |a Iron  |2 georeft 
650 7 |a Manganese  |2 georeft 
650 7 |a Metals  |2 georeft 
650 7 |a Migration  |2 georeft 
650 7 |a Monitoring  |2 georeft 
650 7 |a Movement  |2 georeft 
650 7 |a Observation wells  |2 georeft 
650 7 |a Organic compounds  |2 georeft 
650 7 |a Pesticides  |2 georeft 
650 7 |a Pollutants  |2 georeft 
650 7 |a Pollution  |2 georeft 
650 7 |a Runoff  |2 georeft 
650 7 |a Sampling  |2 georeft 
650 7 |a Sediments  |2 georeft 
650 7 |a Stormwater  |2 georeft 
650 7 |a Surface water  |2 georeft 
650 7 |a Unsaturated zone  |2 georeft 
650 7 |a Water pollution  |2 georeft 
650 7 |a Water quality  |2 georeft 
650 7 |a Water wells  |2 georeft 
651 7 |a Kansas  |2 georeft 
651 7 |a Midwest  |2 georeft 
651 7 |a Sedgwick County Kansas  |2 georeft 
651 7 |a United States  |2 georeft 
651 7 |a Wichita Kansas  |2 georeft 
653 |a Bacteria 
711 2 |a Geological Society of America, 2008 annual meeting  |d (2008 :  |c Houston, TX, United States)  
773 0 |t Geological Society of America, 2008 annual meeting  |d Boulder, CO : Geological Society of America (GSA), Oct. 2008  |k Abstracts with Programs - Geological Society of America  |x 0016-7592  |y GAAPBC  |n Abstracts with Programs - Geological Society of America, 40(6), p.32; Geological Society of America, 2008 annual meeting, Houston, TX, Oct. 5-9, 2008. Publisher: Geological Society of America (GSA), Boulder, CO, United States. ISSN: 0016-7592 Publication type: conference paper or compendium article  |g Vol. 40, no. 6