Drainage water quality and end member identification in La Violada irrigation district (Spain)

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doi: 10.1016/j.jhydrol.2009.12.026
Authors:Isidoro, D.; Quiléz, D.; Aragüés, R.
Author Affiliations:Primary:
Gobierno de Aragón, Centro de Investigación y Tecnología Agroalimentaria de Aragón, Saragossa, Spain
Volume Title:Journal of Hydrology
Source:Journal of Hydrology, 382(1-4), p.154-162. Publisher: Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands. ISSN: 0022-1694
Publication Date:2010
Note:In English. 16 refs.; illus., incl. 5 tables, sketch maps
Summary:The identification of the different components in a water course is required to individualize and assess the actual contribution of irrigated agriculture to the pollution of the water course. This paper aimed at identifying and assessing the composition of the end-members in La Violada irrigation district (VID) and establishing a statistical procedure to reduce the sampling effort needed to establish drainage water quality. The quality of irrigation water, groundwater, and irrigated-land drainage water in VID was monitored during three hydrologic years to identify the components of flow in La Violada Gully, the natural exit course of VID. A network of sampling points in the secondary ditches and main drains of VID allowed identifying and separating those collecting irrigated-land drainage waters from those conveying high proportions of irrigation waters. Three end-member flows were identified in La Violada Gully during the irrigation season: (a) irrigation water arising from tail-waters, leakages and spills from the irrigation canals, very low in salts; (b) groundwater originating from the non-irrigated upper reaches of La Violada Gully watershed, high in Cl- and Na+; and (c) VID drainage water, high in SO42- and Ca2+. The overall VID drainage water quality was accurately assessed through a simplified sampling scheme of only four sampling points that produced low errors of 0.1 dS/m for EC and 0.1 mmolc/L for Cl-. The separation of La Violada Gully flow in these three components is essential for estimating the actual contribution of irrigation in VID to the salt and nitrogen loads in La Violada Gully. Abstract Copyright (2010) Elsevier, B.V.
Subjects:Chemical composition; Drainage basins; Erosion features; Geochemistry; Ground water; Gullies; Hydrochemistry; Irrigation; Land use; Physicochemical properties; Salinity; Statistical analysis; Surface water; Water quality; Water resources; Aragon Spain; Ebro Basin; Europe; Iberian Peninsula; Southern Europe; Spain; La Violada Stream
Coordinates:N395500 N425500 E0004500 W0021000
Record ID:2010082241
Copyright Information:GeoRef, Copyright 2018 American Geosciences Institute. Reference includes data from CAPCAS, Elsevier Scientific Publishers, Amsterdam, Netherlands
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